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Salvius ad Societātem Potentium sē
ōlim Gāius Salvius Līberālis erat iuvenis , sed etiam stultus, quī Rōmam movēre. ibī Salvius erat nōtus in ; vērē poterat nihil dīcere, sed bonus . mox tamen voluit senātor esse et virōs potentēs, quī poterant eum adiuvāre, invēnit. virī potentēs prō imperātōre Vespasiānō labōrābant. virī etiam prō Marcō Maecēnāte, quī Rōmae aderat, labōrābant. in intrāvit et mox imperātōrī occurrit. imperātor Vespasiānus voluit Salvium ad Britanniam īre et Gnaeum Iūlium Agricolam, quī in illō locō pūgnābat, .
Marcus autem cōnsilium alium habuit. Agricola, quī populō favet, Marcum nōn dēlectāvit quod erat nōtissimus. itaque Marcus Salvium in Societātem Potentium et ad Britanniam mīsit. Marcus nōn cupīvit Agricolam potentiōrem esse. Salvius erat laetissimus quod potentia eum valdē dēlectāvit.
Latin nouns have three genders: masculine , feminine, and neuter.
There are exceptions, but in general the following rules apply:
Nouns with the nominative ending -us are masculine.
Nouns with the nominative ending -a are feminine.
Nouns with the nominative ending -um are neuter.
Adjectives must agree in gender (and case and number) with the noun which they describe.
bonōs puerōs vīdī : I saw the good boys.
bonās puellās vīdī : I saw the good girls.
In the first sentence, bonōs is accusative, plural, masculine to agree with puerōs.
In the second sentence, bonās is accusative, plural, feminine to agree with puellās.
Be sure to review information about gender in this short video from latintutorial.com.
|accidō, accidere, accidī||to arrive at, to fall upon, to happen||verb|
|cōnspiciō, cōnspicere, cōnspēxī||to gaze at, to catch sight of||verb|
|dolor, dolōris; m||pain, grief||noun|
|iaceō, iacere, iacuī||to lie down||verb|
|inter (+acc)||between, among||preposition|
|fearful, afraid, shy||adjective|
|vultus, vultūs; m||face, appearance, expression||noun|
Operatives, we have accessed the following information on Salvius:
Gāius Salvius Līberālis, a Roman aristocrat, is known only from a surviving funerary inscription.
Presumably Salvius was born in Italy at some point in the 1st century AD and most likely moved to Rome. He would have been trained in the standard upper-class Roman educational system, destined for public life. After a successful career as a lawyer, he probably went through the cursus honōrum, eventually becoming a senātor. Based on his epitaph, at some point he was chosen as one of the Arval brotherhood, a group of twelve men who met regularly to perform religious ceremonies and to pray for the Emperor and his family.
Salvius was also placed in a civic office. It is possible that the Emperor Titus sent him to help Agricola, the governor of the Roman province of Britannia. He was to look after affairs of the province while Agricola was away fighting in the north.
It is unknown at this time if the TSTT recreation of Salvius has sworn allegiance to the Societās Potentium.
CULTURALIA Comprehension Questions
Directions: Using the CULTURALIA section of your CODEX as a guide, answer the following questions:
1. What were the ruling dates of Vespasian?
2. What land is Vespasian famous for subduing?
3. What were the ruling dates of Titus?
4. What structure did he finish?
5. What two disasters in Rome happened during his reign? In which years did they occur?
6. During which years did Agricola live?
7. For what was he largely responsible?
KEY-TEXT Comprehension Questions
Directions: Using the key-text for 9.1, answer the following questions in complete Latin sentences.
1. cur Salvius nōtus erat?
2. quid dēsīderat Salvius?
3. prō quibus virī potentēs labōrābant?
4. cuī Salvius occurrit in Cūriā?
5. quid Vespaniānus Salvium facere voluit?
6. cūr Marcus in Societātem Potentium indūxit Salvium?
7. quōmodo Salvius sēnsit?
Directions: Copy and paste each sentence into your attunement form, completing it with the correct adjective in parentheses that agrees with the noun in italics. Then translate the sentence.
1. dolor (magnus, magna, magnum) est in (tuō, tuā) bracchiō.
2. (rutilam, rutilum, rutilus) signum in bracchiō conspicis.
3. signum est lapis cum (duō, duās, duōbus) fulminibus.
4. Sinistrus rīdet (magnum, magnō, magnā) vōce.
5. hīc nōn estis (secūrī, secūrōs, secūrīs).
6. Septimus (laetus, laeta, laetum) vōs salūtāvit.
7. in agrō aedificium (altam, altum, altīs) vidētis.
8. custōdēs, (quī, quae, quōs) mēcum erant, ab Salviō vēnērunt.
Directions: Refer back to the 9.1 Key-text to find the following:
1. 3 verbs in the PERFECT tense
2. 3 prepositional phrases
3. 3 adjective/noun pairs
4. 3 infinitive verbs
5. 3 nouns in the DATIVE case. (hint: one is a full name!)