Listen to the audio feed from TSTT Mission Control as you read, operatives.
in Britanniā, Sinistrus invenit locum ās māgnās. habet , . ūnum habet hoc aedificium: tablīnum Sinistrī. tablīnum est quam plūrima tablīna: multī hominēs in hōc tablīnō stāre possunt. Sinistrus et in tablīnō pōnit mēnsam mīrābilem. haec mēnsa habet fulgentēs māchinās quae indicant Sinistrō . eum dēlectat. ibī aedificium incipit aedificāre. aedificium nōn est simile aliīs aedificiīs. valdē altum est, et habet mult
aedificat celeriter: sōlam ūnam hōram labōrat. ubi aedificium cōnfēcit, stat in tablīnō suō, omnem Britanniam. exspectat Recentiōs.
Operatives, you have already used the ablative case in several contexts, including to indicate where something occurs. The ablative also has many other uses.
The ablative takes the following forms:
|First declension||Second declension||Third declension|
The ablative can be paired with prepositions to indicate location or movement. The ablative can be used with many prepositions, including:
- sub - under
- in - in/on (place where)
- dē - down from, about
- prae - before
- sine - without
- prō - in front of
- ā/ab - from, away from
- cum - with
- ē/ex - out of
Like the ablative, the accusative case can be paired with prepositions, most often to indicate movement to or toward the noun. Prepositions that can be paired with the accusative include:
- apud - among
- in - into (note: the preposition, 'in', is unusual because it can be used with both accusative and ablative, and its meaning changes depending on the case of the noun)
- per - through
- prope - near
- ad - to, toward
Explore more about prepositional phrases in this video briefing from latintutorial.com:
|aspiciō, aspicere, aspēxī||to look at, examine, inspect||verb|
|discipulus, -ī; m||student||noun|
|fulgēns, fulgēntis||bright, shining, glistening||adjective|
|manus, manūs; f||hand, band of soldiers||noun|
|moveō, movēre, mōvī||to move||verb|
|parvus, -a, -um||small||adjective|
|pictūra, -ae; f||picture||noun|
|premō, premere, pressī||to push, press||verb|
|respondeō, respondēre, respondī||to respond, reply||verb|
Operatives, we’re analyzing the anomaly but it is difficult to figure out exactly what is going on here. Our initial level 2 diagnostic scans are showing many strange patterns emerging but our network engineers are going to need more time.
We’re a bit confused because we just assumed you were here because someone told you that you should be here. You are advised, until we can extract you from the current situation, to play nice with Sinistrus and answer his demands. Perhaps useful information can be gained from this exercise.
Directions: Using the CULTURALIA section of your CODEX as a guide, answer the following questions:
1. What period of time does the Classics span?
2. What are the six sub-disciplines within the Classics?
3. What are the three main branches of Classical Studies?
4. Which do you think Winston Churchill liked better: Latin or Greek? Explain your answer.
Directions: Identify the case of the noun after the preposition as Accusative or Ablative. Then translate the prepositional phrase.
1. in Britanniā
2. sub umbrīs nigrīs
3. ad caelum
4. in arbore
5. ad terram
6. per montēs altōs
7. in nimbōs
8. dē montibus altīs
9. apud Recentiōs
10. sine umbrīs
Directions: Select the prepositional phrase that contains the noun in the proper case, according to the preposition (refer to the GRAMMATICA for help). Then translate the correct sentence.
1. exīre ē (cubiculō / cubiculum) possumus.
2. volumus prope ( umbrīs / umbrās) ambulāre.
3. Sinistrus ad (Recentiīs / Recentiōs) caput vertit.
4. mīrābilem nigrum lapidem ē (marsuppiō / marsuppium) capit.
5. puer in (arbore / arborem) sedēbat. (Think about how each form of "in" can be translated.)
6. Recentiī dē (linguā Latīnā / linguam Latīnam) dīcere nōlunt.
7. vir Recentiōs ad (mūrō / mūrum) cum (vinculīs / vinculōs) vinxit.
8. sine (vinculīs / vinculōs) ambulāre sub (sōle / sōlem) potestis.
Directions: Find 7 prepositional phrases in the 8.2 Immersion. Copy them here and indicate whether the noun in each phrase is in the ACCUSATIVE or ABLATIVE.
KEY TEXT COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS
Directions: Read the Key text for 8.2 and answer the following questions.
- What does Sinistrus seek in Britain? What does he do there?
- Give 5 details about the building described in the passage.What is unusual about the study in the building?
- What does Sinistrus place there?
- How long does it take Sinistrus to create his compound?
- What does he do after he has finished?